By Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi
This publication experiences the implications from on-site examine into radioactive cesium illness in a variety of agricultural structures laid low with the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear energy Plant twist of fate that happened in March 2011. this is often the second one quantity from the learn teams shaped within the Graduate institution of Agricultural and lifestyles Sciences of The collage of Tokyo who've released the preliminary facts of their first quantity. during this e-book, extra info accumulated within the next years are awarded to teach how the radioactivity point in agricultural items and their becoming environments have replaced with time. the knowledge make clear the course wherein radioactive fabrics entered agricultural items and their circulation between diversified parts (e.g., soil, water, and bushes) inside of an environmental process (e.g., forests). The booklet contains a variety of subject matters, together with radioactivity inspection of nutrients items; decontamination trials for rice and cattle construction; the kingdom of infection in wild animals and birds, timber, mushrooms, and bushes; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in mountain and paddy fields; harm incurred by means of the forestry and fishery industries; and the switch in shoppers’ minds. The final bankruptcy introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging approach, the leading edge strategy to visualize genuine circulate of cesium in soil and in vegetation. this can be the one e-book to supply systematic facts in regards to the genuine switch of radioactivity, and therefore is of significant worth for all researchers who desire to comprehend the influence of radioactive fallout on agriculture. The undertaking is ongoing; the examine teams proceed their paintings within the box for extra overview of the long term effects.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years
A) 134 Cs concentrations in 2011. (b) 137Cs concentrations in 2011. (c) 137Cs concentrations in 2012. White and black boxes indicate Koshihikari and Hitomebore, respectively. Means and standard deviations are shown (n ¼ 3). The concentrations are presented on a dry-weight basis. Normal, the normal fertilizer condition; –K + 2 N, twofold nitrogen without potassium condition; –K, normal nitrogen and phosphorus but no potassium condition; and no, no fertilizer condition radioactive Cs concentrations in rice straw were similar between Koshihikari and Hitomebore in 2011 and 2012 (Fig.
Thus, we concluded that the Cs concentrations in brown rice might be estimated from the Cs concentrations in straw, although there were some exceptions. 2 Radioactive Cesium Accumulation Among 15 Selected Rice Cultivars Grown in a Fukushima Paddy Field in 2012 and 2013 On the basis of the Cs concentration of brown rice in 2011, we selected 15 rice cultivars to test the reproducibility of Cs uptake, and planted them at a Fukushima paddy field in 2012 and 2013. Khau Mac Kho, Asominori, Kaneko, and Deng Pao Zhai were selected as high Cs accumulating cultivars; whereas, Kasalath, Hamasari, Kameji, Aichiasahi, Wataribune, Mansaku, Akage, and Hassokuho were selected as low Cs accumulating cultivars.
C) 137Cs concentrations in 2012. White and black boxes indicate Koshihikari and Hitomebore, respectively. Means and standard deviations are shown (n ¼ 3). Fertilizer conditions are the same as described in the legend of Fig. 3 However, in contrast to the results of 2011, the 137Cs accumulation in brown rice under the ÀK condition in 2012 was no different to that under the normal condition (Fig. 4c). In our study, low K conditions tended to increase the radioactive Cs concentrations both in straw and brown rice grown in the contaminated paddy field at Kawamata-cho in Fukushima.
Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years by Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi