By Jason S. Lee
Abstraction is one aspect of highbrow functioning. The learn of abstraction permits tremendous worthy insights into human intelligence. whereas this monograph shows that the facility to imagine abstractly declines a little with age, there are various variables identifying summary pondering and its relation to intelligence over the life-span. This monograph defines abstraction from all angles of idea, contrasting it with high-order considering and stereotyped pondering; it discusses and evaluates assessments of summary considering; and it provides new findings in sociological and mental examine on abstraction.
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Extra resources for Abstraction and Aging: A Social Psychological Analysis
Growing awareness of the problems inhering in cross-sectional designs as well as the advantages of longitudinal data in the study of human development has resulted in enthusiasm for longitudinal research. The following section considers the methodological advantages of this approach to the study of intellectual functioning across adulthood, some findings from such studies, and finally, the limitations of this approach. 5. The Longitudinal Study of Adult Intellectual Development The longitudinal approach to the study of human development is generally regarded as superior to the cross-sectional approach (Schaie, 1983, pp.
Schaie (1983, p. 7) elaborates as follows: The presence of period effects related to the dependent variable of interest will render estimates of age effects internally invalid. These period effects may either mimic or suppress maturational changes occurring over a particular age span, depending on whether age and time-of-measurement effects covary positively or negatively. Sophisticated analytic methods (or "accounting techniques") have been employed in the attempt to pull apart age, period, and cohort effects, but without the aid of certain theory-based assumptions none has been successful (Fienberg & Mason, 1985; Glenn, 1981a, 1981b).
All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages .... Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans every thing. (Act II. Sc. 7. L. ) Many of us know some elderly people who, by example, confirm these notions, and others who, being mentally astute and wise, contradict them.
Abstraction and Aging: A Social Psychological Analysis by Jason S. Lee